Properties of Mild Steel
Mild Steel is one of the most common of all metals and one of the least expensive steels used. It is to be found in almost every product created from metal.
It is weldable, very durable (although it rusts), it is relatively hard and is easily annealed.
Having less than 2 % carbon it will magnetize well and being relatively inexpensive, can be used in most projects requiring a lot of steel. However when it comes to load bearing, its structural strength is not usually sufficient to be used in structural beams and girders.
Most everyday items made of steel have some milder steel content. Anything from cookware, motorcycle frames through to motor car chassis, use this metal in their construction.
Because of its poor resistance to corrosion it must be protected by painting or otherwise sealed to prevent it from rusting. At worst a coat of oil or grease will help seal it from exposure, and help prevent rusting.
Being a softer metal it is easily welded. Its inherent properties allow electrical current to flow easily through it without upsetting its structural integrity. This is in contrast to other high carbon steels like stainless steel which require specialized welding techniques.
This mild variant of harder steel is thus far less brittle and can therefore give and flex in its application where a harder more brittle material would simply crack and break.
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Whats the difference between Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals ?
Carbon steel and Stainless steel are examples of ferrous metals. They are both alloys (mixture of different metals) that contain a fair amount of iron and therefore known as Ferrous metals. Wrought iron is allso a ferrous metal.
These are metals that contain no iron but also include some alloys that contain appreciably very small amounts of iron.
Non-Ferrous metals are often specified for specific applications which may require, non magnetic properties, higher melting points or anti corrosive properties.
Non-Ferrous Metals include...
- Precious Metals
- Refractory Metals
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